Explore the “House of the Infinite” by Campo Baeza, a fascinating contemporary single-family detached home. Download DWG CAD drawings and the 3D BIM model project
This latest Architecture Focus, regarding successful buildings from around the world, comes after our first article regarding single-family detached homes.
We already had a closer look to the main definitions and characteristics behind the single-family detached home typology examining the theoretical aspects, covering technical descriptions, adding project drawings, renderings and the 3D BIM model of a real-life case study: the Kaufmann House by Richard Neutra.
This time, we’ll explore a fascinating contemporary single-family detached home, built in Cadiz by architect Alberto Campo Baeza: the VT House also known as House of the Infinite.
The project illustrations are completed with DWG CAD drawings available for download together with other 3D BIM model assets created by the Spanish architect.
House of the Infinite by Alberto Campo Baeza
“we have built an infinite plane facing the infinite sea, the most radical house we have ever made”
Contemporary single-family detached homes
Detached single-family homes can generally be defined as an isolated or aggregated residential building types where the most commonly found features are:
- an independent access from public areas
- no shared vertical spaces or connections
- generally surrounded by green private spaces.
This housing type normally requires a considerable amount of land use, specific pipeline and infrastructure works, high construction and maintenance costs. These are just a few of the typical characteristics for this building type in very low density population areas.
This type of residential solution is among the most desired building typology that most people look for when buying houses; mainly due its independent layout from other surrounding homes and of course, the absence of condominium constraints, combined with greater privacy and the presence of gardens.
In fact, over time, the development and structuring of urban areas, together with the increase of land costs, have reinforced the need for collective residences.
The primary nature of a residential building has been slowly modified from an essentially private place, destined for a single family unit, to a place capable of accommodating a greater number of families, implementing the concept of “plurifamiliarization” of a residence.
The contemporary single-family detached home developed with the urbanism of the industrial revolution and from the bourgeois classes’ new concept of housing. It derives from models of the past and represents a simplification and economization of the villa and country house in its various meanings.
In the post-war period, the single-family private house has been set as a higher example of the results achieved by modern architecture and has played a central role as a symbol of expression and experimentation; a laboratory of new forms, new materials and new space organizations.
House of the Infinite: the project
The House of the Infinite project can be considered as Alberto Campo Baeza‘s architectural manifesto. The Spanish architect built a house at the edge of the Atlantic ocean in which we can identify the three key elements of his architectural system: idea, space and light.
The house is built as if it was a pier facing the sea, a sort of podium crowned by a horizontal plane on the upper level. On this extraordinarily horizontal stone platform, the distant horizon is traced by the sea, where the sun goes down.
The idea was inspired by the ancient wharfs of Cadiz, an important point of departure for ships setting off towards the new world in the sixteenth century.
In this rocky setting, the house is a reminder of the sailing off from the old to the new world, leaving behind the Spanish landscape, cities and more houses. They remain beyond a portal from which you can access the roof plan, which is a long stone plane built in Roman travertine, interrupted only by the swimming pool and the central stairs leading down to the apartments.
The terrain, connecting the house to the road, is longer than the platform proportions, where a staircase carved into the upper surface of the podium gives access to the house. The high stone floor is surrounded by walls protecting it from strong winds.
The roof is a horizontal stone plane in Roman travertine that looks like sand and surrounded by walls on three sides.
In order to materialize this horizontal plane, which forms the main living room of the house, a large box, 20 meters at the front and 36 meters deep was built, excavating two floors into rock to create the entire living area space.
On the walkable roof, accessed from the inside of the house through a staircase, accomodates an infinity pool with solarium and a breath-taking panoramic view.
Two levels are distributed across the 12 meters high building: the front half emerges from the ground and opens onto the beach, while the back half is carved out of a rock excavation.
The first floor, lit by a circular skylight and a covered balcony, accomodates the living area.
The sleeping area is located on the lower level and consists of a series of ensuite bedrooms positioned on the sides of a central space directly leading to the white shoreline.
To give even more strength to the platform, the ground has been incorporated up to the entrance wall, also in Roman travertine, which separates the house from the street.
Campo Baeza described the House of the Infinite as a tribute to the classical world. As a matter of fact, the house was designed as if it was a stone acropolis in Ancient Roman town, not far from the Roman ruins and in honor of the places where the ancients had built their temples. The House of the Infinite is a clear allusion to Casa Malaparte by Adalberto Libera, to which the project is inspired.
“We wanted this house to be capable not only of making time stand still, but to remain in the mind and hearts of mankind. The house of the Infinite”
Check our previous articles and insights regarding other residential buildings: