Let’s watch videos and renders about how Le Corbusier could have modelled its famous Villa Savoye with an architectural BIM design software
The famous Villa Savoye was built in Poissy, close to Paris, at the beginning of 30’s by Le Corbusier, one of the masters of architecture of the twentieth century. The villa is considered to be one of his masterpieces.
It was commissioned in 1928 by Pierre Savoye, a rich French insurer that wanted to accomplish the creation a countryside house not far from the French capital, representing a real paradigm of modern architecture. In 1965 the villa has been declared French Historic Monument and from 2016 it has been included in the World Heritage sites protected by UNESCO.
The wide usage of concrete that spread during the beginning of the past century introduced a new way of planning thanks to the technical opportunities not available before that time. The famous five points by Le Corbusier, listed in his 1926 work, represents a real manifesto which Villa Savoye efficiently expresses.
The five points of the new architecture by Le Corbusier
Let’s observe how the five points of the new architecture by Le Corbusier have taken shape into the Villa Savoye planning.
- the pilotis – slim and slender pylons to raise up the building from the floor, creating a continuity with the surrounding ground and spaces, which are covered for the pedestrian walkway and, most of all, to allow the passage of cars (another symbol of modern times) till the building’s ground floor located garages.
- the free plan – you can identify it from a total lack of load-bearing walls, from a great elasticity in planning internal spaces and from the vertical closures easily held by reinforced concrete frame.
- the free façade – it is also developing from the reinforced concrete supporting structure. It expresses the freedom of realizing facades not just masonry generated having structural functions, but simply starting from a series of horizontal and vertical elements, where the gaps are plastered as desired, both with insulating walls and transparent fixtures. This way the architect no longer has structural obligations but functional and aesthetic bonds.
- the roof terrace – accomplishment of a flat terrace roof replacing traditional slab roofs, where to reproduce flowerbeds to create a garden, a solarium, a real “open-space living room” to benefit during summer time.
- the ribbon window – an innovation allowed by the reinforced concrete. The façade can be cut in all its length from a window that occupies the desired surface. This conferring to the spaces a higher quantity of natural lighting and a higher contact with the open external spaces.
Planning Villa Savoye with a BIM software
“How would Le Corbusier have operated today availing of modern planning instruments such as the BIM-oriented softwares?”
Would he have had the option to “shape” and use BIM objects to create and verify in real time the result of what imagined.
For instance, the planning of the Villa that Le Corbusier had imagined on a 4,75m x 4,75m square-meshed form could have easily been developed using the “grid” object (see article on MagneticGrid). Taking advantage of the endowed magnetic snaps, he could have quickly inserted all the columns, after a previous section selection.
Thanks to the software’s features he could have evaluated all the planning decisions made in real time.
Finally, using the “envelope” object he would have defined the wall layers (with all the related mechanic and thermo-physical features) to, afterwards, insert them without making mistakes, with the aid of the magnetic grid-generated guiding lines.
Using Edificius, the BIM architectural planning software we have shaped the first aspects of “The Five points of modern architecture” by Le Corbusier, with its consequences into context: pilotis and a free plan.
In the next articles we will see in details how the modern approach to planning with a BIM technology would have made Le Corbusier’s design of Villa Savoye easier and the application of other aspects of his architecture.
Whatch the summary video.
Below we suggest some Edificius-created photorealistic renders of the final result .