Mario Cucinella Architects and WASP launch TECLA, an innovative and eco-sustainable habitat model that uses 3D printing
TECLA is a new circular housing model entirely created with reusable and recyclable materials that are collected from local terrain and assembled by 3D printing.
The project responds to the need of guaranteeing a home to everyone in a historical period characterized by an exponential increase in population (and consequent lack of accomodation).
Designed by Mario Cucinella Architects, engineered and built by WASP, an Italian company specialized in 3D printing, the innovative 3D printed habitat model represents a very significant step towards eco-sustainable building.
Commented Mario Cucinella:
Together with WASP we aim at developing an innovative 3D-printed prototype for a habitat that responds to the increasingly urgent climate revolution and the needs of changes dictated by community needs.
We need a paradigm shift in the field of architecture that gets closer to the needs of people, thus finding an answer for the ‘Earth’within the ‘earth’. A collaboration that becomes the union between empathic architecture and the application of new technologies.
TECLA will be the first habitat entirely printed in 3D using only locally sourced clay, a biodegradable and recyclable material at zero kilometer, thus eliminating construction waste.
Designed to adapt to multiple environmental conditions, the entire process can be self-produced. This approach will limit the production of industrial waste and provide a sustainable model capable of giving a significant boost to national and local economies, improving the well-being of the communities involved. The scenario envisaged will help to speed up the construction process thanks to the fundamental support of 3D technology in producing the entire structure in a single solution.
A United Nations report, published in 2017, estimates that the world population of 7.6 billion will reach 11.2 billion in 2100, and as early as 2030 about 5 billion people will live in cities. Consequently, governments will need to face the challenges relating to housing solutions. With more and more rural areas incorporated within cities, it is the very idea of a city that needs to be renewed.
Therefore, since 2012 it has been developed a construction process based on the principles of circular economy that is capable of creating 3D printed houses in the shortest possible time and in the most sustainable way.
TECLA is the first habitat built using multiple printers simultaneously and it offers the opportunity for an unprecedented architectural scenario. In a wider settlement context, TECLA has the potential to become a construction model for completely self-sufficient eco-districts.