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Laminate Flooring

Laminate Floors: Explore advantages, disadvantages together with expert tips

Laminate Floors: Explore advantages, disadvantages together with expert tips to maximize its use in your interior design projects

In the world of architectural design and interior design, choosing the right flooring is a crucial decision that significantly impacts the appearance, functionality, and aesthetics of a space. Among the various options available, laminate flooring has gained considerable popularity due to its versatility, durability, and aesthetic appeal. However, before making a final decision, it’s essential to analyze laminate flooring with its pros and cons.

For this reason, the use of 3D building design software is indispensable, revolutionizing how you can present flooring options. It provides you with a realistic and interactive visualization within the context of the designed environment. This advanced tool enables designers and clients to explore various choices more engagingly and informatively.

Now, continue reading to delve deeper into these topics.

Laminate flooring - Render of different environments created with Edificius

Laminate flooring – Render of different environments created with Edificius

Characteristics of Laminate Flooring

Laminate flooring is an increasingly popular choice in the construction and interior design industry due to its unique characteristics and versatility. To fully understand it, it’s essential to examine its composition and appearance in detail.

Composition of Laminate Flooring

Laminate flooring is composed of layers of composite materials that work together to create a durable and attractive floor. Their composition is as follows:

  1. Bottom balancing layer: The base of each laminate panel is a bottom layer that serves a balancing and stabilizing function. This layer helps keep the floor in shape and resistant to environmental stresses.
  2. HDF or MDF core panel: The core of laminate flooring consists of a central panel made of High-Density Fiberboard (HDF) or Medium-Density Fiberboard (MDF). This panel is constructed from thin wood fibers and resin binders. The choice between HDF and MDF can influence the performance and durability of the flooring, with HDF offering greater durability.
  3. High-resolution decorative print: The top of the panel is covered with a high-resolution decorative print. This print is responsible for realistically reproducing the wood’s grain, color shades, and overall appearance. The print quality is crucial for achieving a laminate floor that authentically resembles natural wood.
  4. Transparent and waterproof overlay: The top of the decorative print is protected by a transparent and waterproof overlay. This layer plays a crucial role in safeguarding the floor from wear, scratches, and stains. It is also responsible for the glossy appearance of laminate floors.

Appearance of Laminate Flooring

The aesthetic aspects of laminate flooring are a strong point. Thanks to the high-resolution decorative print, laminate floors can faithfully reproduce the essence of the chosen wood, including details such as grain patterns and natural imperfections. This ability to mimic natural wood is one of the primary reasons why laminate floors are so popular.

Furthermore, laminate flooring offers a wide range of aesthetic options. You can choose from various wood grain effects, colors, and styles to customize the floor to your interior design. This versatility is crucial in allowing consumers to personalize their spaces and achieve the desired look.

In summary, laminate flooring is a composite product that combines different materials to create an aesthetically pleasing and functional floor. Its ability to replicate the look of natural wood, along with its versatility, makes it a popular choice for a wide range of applications in construction and interior design.

Difference Between Parquet and Laminate Flooring

The distinction between parquet and laminate flooring is essential when choosing floor covering for your home or a commercial space. While both can provide a similar natural wood aesthetic, there are crucial differences to consider, focusing mainly on their composition and performance.

This allows us to better understand the characteristics of laminate flooring with its pros and cons.


Parquet: Parquet consists of layers of solid wood, typically oak, beech, oak, or other species. These wood layers are arranged in planks or boards and then directly attached to the subfloor. Each board is usually 10 to 20 mm thick or more. The surface of parquet is often sanded and finished to achieve a smooth, shiny appearance.

Laminate Flooring: Laminate floors, on the other hand, are not made of solid wood. They are composed of composite panels that include a central layer of High-Density Fiberboard (HDF) or Medium-Density Fiberboard (MDF) with a decorative print on top. This print is what gives it the wood-like appearance. A transparent and protective overlay is then applied to protect the floor from scratches and stains.


Parquet: Solid wood parquet offers an authentic and warm appearance due to its top layer of real wood. However, it is more sensitive to moisture, impacts, and scratches compared to laminate. It also requires regular maintenance, such as periodic sanding and refinishing, to maintain its original appearance.

Laminate Flooring: Laminate flooring, while lacking the tactile warmth of solid wood, offers excellent resistance to wear and scratches thanks to its protective overlay. It is less affected by moisture and less prone to warping or creating joints compared to solid wood. Maintenance is simple and involves regular cleaning without the need for sanding.

The main difference between parquet and laminate flooring lies in the materials’ composition. The choice between the two will depend on aesthetic preferences, budget, and maintenance requirements.

The Pros and Cons of Laminate Flooring

Now, let’s take a closer look at all the pros and cons of using laminate flooring. This allows you to have a clearer idea of all the design choices to make within your projects.

Advantages of Laminate Flooring

When it comes to selecting flooring for a residential or commercial project, laminate flooring offers several significant advantages. Here’s a detailed list of the key benefits associated with laminate flooring.

Wide Range of Choices

One of the most attractive features of laminate flooring is the extensive range of options available. You can choose from different plank sizes, decorative effects that faithfully replicate various wood species, and a selection of finishes to match your style and environment’s needs. This versatility allows you to customize the flooring to achieve the desired look.


Laminate flooring is known for its exceptional resistance to wear and scratches. This durability is due to the clear protective layer (overlay) that covers the decorative print. It provides peace of mind knowing that laminate flooring will withstand daily foot traffic, furniture impacts, and household events without significant damage.

Water Resistance

Some laminate floors are designed to resist moisture, making them suitable for rooms with high humidity conditions such as bathrooms and kitchens. These floors feature water-repellent coatings on the surface and in the grooves, preventing water absorption and preserving the integrity of the planks.

Easy Installation

The installation of laminate flooring is significantly easier compared to many other flooring options. Most laminate floors use an interlocking system that allows you to assemble the panels without the use of adhesives or nails, making installation much simpler. Additionally, laminate floors can be installed directly over an existing floor, saving time and money.

Easy Maintenance

Maintaining laminate flooring is simple and requires minimal effort as it can be cleaned with common household tools. This can be presented to the client as a significant advantage, as it significantly reduces maintenance costs (compared to hardwood flooring). The protective overlay prevents the floor from absorbing moisture, making cleaning safer than untreated wood floors.

Affordable Cost

Another significant advantage of laminate flooring is its affordability compared to other flooring options such as hardwood or ceramic tiles. This makes it a popular choice for those who want a wood-like appearance without a substantial investment. You can find laminate floors suitable for a wide range of budgets without sacrificing quality and aesthetics.

Laminate flooring is a smart choice for those looking for a durable, customizable, and affordable flooring solution. Its resistance, water resistance, and ease of maintenance make it ideal for many situations, both in residential and commercial spaces.

Laminate flooring - Render of different samples made with Edificius

Laminate flooring – Render of different samples made with Edificius

Disadvantages of Laminate Flooring

Despite the numerous advantages of laminate flooring, it’s important to also consider its disadvantages to provide a more comprehensive recommendation to your client.

Inability to Refinish

One of the main disadvantages of laminate flooring is its inability to be sanded or refinished. Unlike hardwood, which can be sanded to remove scratches and wear marks, laminate flooring does not offer this option. If your laminate floor suffers significant damage, such as deep scratches or dents, the most common solution is to replace the damaged planks or the entire area. This can incur additional costs and inconvenience.

Noise Issue:

Another well-known drawback of laminate flooring is the noise it can create. Due to its floating subfloor structure, which includes an underlayment, laminate floors tend to amplify sounds, making footsteps and other noises more noticeable. This can be a problem, especially in condominiums or spaces where reducing sound impact is crucial.

Suggested Solution for Noise Issue

To address the noise issue associated with laminate flooring, you can adopt some strategies to solve this problem during the design phase:

  1. Sound-absorbing underlayment: Consider installing a sound-absorbing underlayment between the laminate flooring and the subfloor. This can significantly reduce sound impact. These underlayments are designed to absorb noise and vibrations, making the environment quieter.
  2. Rugs and Area Rugs: Using rugs and area rugs in certain areas can help dampen sound. Placing rugs or area rugs in high-traffic zones or under furniture can help reduce noise.
  3. Use Acoustic Panels: You can consider using acoustic panels on walls or ceilings to reduce sound propagation in the environment.
  4. Make Informed Choices: When selecting laminate flooring, take into consideration its thickness and material quality. Thicker floors tend to be less noisy compared to thinner ones.

Despite the noise issue, laminate flooring remains a popular choice for many applications due to its numerous advantages. By implementing adequate noise reduction measures, you can minimize this drawback and fully enjoy the benefits of this type of flooring.

BIM and selecting Laminate Flooring

In the modern era of interior design, technological innovation goes hand in hand with aesthetics and functionality. A prime example is the use of Building Information Modeling (BIM) software in facilitating the selection of flooring, such as laminate.

Traditionally, flooring selection could be a process based on assumptions and small material samples, but thanks to BIM, the decision is now more informed and less risky. These advanced programs offer a realistic 3D visualization, allowing designers and clients to see how a particular type of laminate will harmonize with the rest of the environment. In addition to providing impressive visual renderings, BIM software can simulate various lighting scenarios, calculate costs in real time, and automatically update every technical or aesthetic detail in the 3D model. This synergy of precision and realistic visualization makes BIM an indispensable tool for making an informed choice about laminate flooring, ensuring that the final product is not only visually appealing but also practical and up to technical specifications.

The library of objects within a BIM software is an extremely useful tool for architects and interior designers. In this digital library, you can find a wide range of laminate flooring options, each with its specific technical specifications and aesthetic characteristics. The key advantage is that these options can be easily inserted and tested in a 3D model of the environment you are designing.

From an architectural perspective, the BIM object library allows professionals to select laminates that harmoniously fit with the existing or proposed architecture, both in terms of color, texture, and style. For example, a laminate with a rustic finish might be more suitable for a rustic or country-style environment, while a glossy and modern laminate might be more appropriate for an urban and contemporary space.

From a functional perspective, the library also offers the opportunity to examine the practical properties of the material, such as wear resistance, durability, and ease of maintenance. This is particularly useful in environments like offices or commercial spaces, where functionality can be as crucial as aesthetic appearance. For instance, in a highly trafficked office, you might opt for a high-durability laminate, whereas in an art gallery with less traffic, the focus might be more on visual appeal.

Edificius BIM object library

Edificius BIM object library

The BIM object library is a powerful tool that enables a more informed and personalized selection of laminate flooring, making it easier to adapt the material to the environment, both architecturally and functionally.

This comprehensive analysis of laminate flooring with all its pros and cons allows you to have an idea of all the design choices to make. Additionally, you can provide a variety of proposals to your clients with the help of a 3D Building Design Software.