Gazebo plans and other outdoor structures: the guide to help you designing gazebos, pergolas, projecting roofs and canopies together with definitions, features, DWGs and 3D BIM examples to download
Gazebo plans, similarly to pergolas, shelters or canopies projects, are a fairly demanding activity as a consequence of the considerable implications it entails. For this reason, it is essential to involve technical experts during the design process.
In this article we will address some aspects relating to gazebo designs, starting off with definitions and characteristics.
For each project type you will have the opportunity to download DWG resources, 3D BIM models in EDF format and the software trial version.
Gazebo, pergolas, shelters and canopies project
Characteristics and functions
Gazebos, pergolas, shelters and canopies, although apparently similar structures, can actually represent architectural elements that are also significantly different in size, design, purpose and urban impact.
|Type of structure||Characteristics||Function|
|Type of self-supported pavillion structure||Shading and furnishing|
|Structure supported by vertical posts, sometimes leaning against a wall, partially or totally opened on the upper part||Shading and furnishing|
|Small-sized roof without side supports||Repairing the part of wall or door underneath|
|Covering supported by pillars sometimes leaning against the wall||Covering and sheltering people and things underneath|
We can define the gazebo as a lightweight structure which is, usually, freestanding and not attached to other buildings. In particular, it can be covered on top, opened at the sides and made with a load-bearing structure in wrought iron, aluminum or structural wood. Sometimes it is closed at sides by easily removable curtains. Occasionally, it is built permanently for open spaces such as gardens or large terraces.
Generally, the height of gazebos varies between 2.50 and 3 mt, while the covered surfaces vary between 15 and 40 m².
For safety and privacy reasons, it is recommended that each element is placed at about 1.5 meters distance from railings, parapets and fronts of the building. On the other hand, it is advisable to coordinate with other professionals who may be involved (for example, the structural engineer) for planning and implementation.
Typically, a pergola is an outdoor structure built to adorn and shade gardens or terraces. It consists of a scaffold, generally supporting climbing plants, made of two or more rows of vertical uprights which are joined together on the top by horizontal elements. It works as a passageway for people and it is normally opened on at least three sides and on the top part.
Some operational tips
- Consider anchoring the pergola structure firmly to the ground. Consequently, ensure that a suitable depth is defined to guarantee the stability of the structure.
- Vertical elements must be anchored and closed with cement or fixed to the floor using bolted plates.
- Consider tiles, textiles, evergreen or deciduous plants to be laid on supporting wooden beams and cover the pergola. Usually, suitable plants are the buganvìllea, the passiflora, or fruit plants such as vine or kiwi.
Projecting roof project
Projecting roofs can be defined as roofing elements overhanging the exterior walls of a building and built without vertical support uprights.
The projecting roof is a structure composed of vertical elements (such as, wood, iron or other metals) and an overhanging roof (such as, canvas, glass or other materials) which are anchored to the facade of the building. In particular, it has the function of protecting windows, French windows or the walking path from the public sidewalk to the entrance of the building from atmospheric agents.
Lastly, the canopy is an overhead structure to provide shade and shelter. It consists of a cover laying on posts or pillars or any discontinuous vertical structures, either attached or not attached to a building’s external wall.
Hence, its function is to repair and protect the area it covers, thus increasing the habitability of the building. It is distinguished from the pergola because of its potential greater consistency and visual impact. In fact, while the pergola is an open structure both on the external sides and on the upper part and is intended to create shade, the canopy can also be used as a shelter and to increase the livability of the building.
First of all, you need to consider the space available and to define the area to shelter:
- A possibility can be represented by securing posts in a concrete casting or opting to fix steel poles for anchoring the vertical structure
- Poles-pillars must usually be fixed 40 cm underground and their number should depend on the size of the roof
- It is important to anchor the entire load-bearing structure with brackets to be fixed in the supporting wall
Download the 3D models of the gazebos
Below, you can find available for download the 3D models of the gazebos, pergolas, projecting roofs and canopies projects.