Here’s how an integrated BIM GIS approach can benefit involved stakeholders, optimizing building and infrastructure management
During any construction project’s lifecycle, the management and maintenance phase are crucial to ensure that buildings and infrastructures remain safe, efficient and functional over time.
In the ever-evolving construction sector, the synergistic approach between Building Information Modeling (BIM) and Geographic Information System (GIS) is bringing significant improvements even during the Operational and Maintenance (O&M) phase. It truly offers powerful and innovative tools (such as facility management software) to optimize efficiency when managing built assets’ entire lifecycle. Over the long term, management and maintenance can derive enormous benefits from this integration: from structural management to condition monitoring, preventive maintenance planning and emergency response.
In this article, discover the advantages of an integrated BIM GIS approach to project management and maintenance phase, as well as the tools that contribute in maximizing built assets’ efficient management.
BIM-GIS Approach: An Integrated View of Built Heritage to Enhance Management and Maintenance
All AEC professionals involved in managing and maintaining a constructed asset, require a vast array of diverse information that needs managing trough technology. This enables them to compare complex data not only regarding individual buildings or parts of them but also the environment or landscape they inhabit. BIM and GIS represent some of the most innovative technologies that can be integrated within the construction industry. Therefore optimizing data management processes concerning the entire building’s lifecycle.
On one side, BIM allows for highly detailed building information models development; on the other, GIS enables their management and analysis through a global spatial reference system. The great potential of their integration lies in the ability to manage each asset, system or individual construction component from a territorial macro-scale to micro-scale. This is achieved thanks to big data and the increasing availability of innovative digital technologies. BIM-GIS interoperability can also be utilized to optimize activities management of large real estate assets. especially during the Operational and Maintenance phase.
Asset Maintenance Phase Benefits of an Integrated BIM-GIS Approach
The comprehensive framework brought by integrating BIM and GIS technologies enables more precise control and better planning of management and maintenance activities. Specifically of those activities that not only contribute to extending the useful life of assets but also ensure safety and operational continuity. Therefore minimizing unforeseen situations’ impact.
Management of Structures and Systems
One of the main aspects of maintenance is managing structures and systems. BIM-GIS integration provides access to detailed BIM models of structures, data on their geographical location and historical maintenance information. This significantly simplifies the activities’ programming and management of preventive or corrective maintenance.
Real-Time Condition Monitoring
The use of sensors and IoT (Internet of Things) technologies can provide real-time data of asset conditions. These data can be integrated into BIM-GIS systems, enabling constant monitoring of structure performances and conditions. This allows for the quick identification of any issues or anomalies, minimizing downtime and repair costs.
The BIM-GIS integration contributes to resource optimization. It’s through a more precise data-driven management that the most efficient planning of human and material resources is enabled. Reducing maintenance costs without compromising service quality.
Preventive Maintenance Planning
The BIM-GIS approach enables detailed planning of preventive maintenance. One of the main advantages of the BIM-GIS approach, in managing and maintaining built assets, is the ability to plan and execute maintenance interventions more efficiently. By using data from both BIM and GIS, it’s possible to create plans for predictive maintenance based on detailed current state of the building information and its surrounding environment.
For instance, utilizing GIS to analyze the external environment allows better prediction and preparation for potential natural events that might affect the structures. Meanwhile, BIM provides a detailed internal view of the building or infrastructure components, aiding in planning targeted maintenance interventions to extend their lifespan.
Or, sensors installed in the building can collect real-time data on structural conditions and system performance. These data are integrated into the BIM-GIS model, enabling operators to identify potential problems early and therefore planning preventive maintenance interventions. This reduces downtime, optimizes resources and prolongs the building’s useful life.
Access to asset’s detailed and current information conditions, enables informed decisions regarding necessary investments to improve sustainability, energy efficiency and regulatory compliance.
Asset Protection: Risk Management and Real-Time Updates
The ability to visualize data in a geographic context helps identify potential environmental risks, such as floods or climate changes. As well as the evaluation of their impact on the building or infrastructure. During emergencies or critical situations, the BIM-GIS approach is crucial for a quick and effective response. The digital model provides a detailed overview of structures and available resources, allowing response teams to make informed decisions and act promptly. Additionally, the BIM-GIS model can be updated in real-time during an emergency, recording damages or changes to the structures. This information is invaluable for post-emergency assessment and restoration activities’ planning.
Spatial Navigation and Safety
In the context of complex buildings or extensive infrastructures like airports or hospitals, the integrated BIM-GIS approach facilitates spatial navigation. This can be particularly useful for staff, visitors, or emergency responders navigating within these environments. Furthermore, BIM-GIS integration contributes to safety by enabling more effective evacuations management during emergencies.
The O&M phase is undoubtedly the most expensive in the asset’s life cycle. Inadequately managed, it can cause resource wastage and increases in operating and maintenance buildings costs. That’s why, during this phase, surpassing the documental approach becomes imperative. Transitioning therefore to a digital and collaborative one through information management systems and data modeling protocols. In order to structure them, ensuring the availability of accurate information, at the right time and in the required format, throughout the asset’s lifecycle.
An innovative and comprehensive solution for managing built assets is ACCA’s BIM management system. It is scalable and configurable according to specific needs allowing for work optimization on buildings and infrastructures through a complete and integrated software solution.