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BIM-based Construction Site Layout Planning

Construction site layout: an overview

Construction site layout: what it is, why it is important, who should produce it and how it is generated

In this blog article we’ll be addressing what construction site planning is,  who prepares it and why it is important. In addition, we’ll be having a look at a construction site layout example that might be useful for your work project.

As part of the managing site plan, this document is fundamental bringing significant improvements in the cost and time savings during the construction process and it should contain various information. For instance, you will need to be able to identify any critical points within the construction site, such as any hazards in the work area. In fact, this document is typically handled by those who have safety responsibility and coordination roles.

To draw up a site plan, you can rely on a site management software that can generate project drawings automatically, saving you enormous amounts of time. You can use it for 30 days for free.

Construction site layout planning

HSBIM | 3D Aerial View

What is construction site layout?

Site layout refers to the plan of the construction site, providing the area as well as the proper position for arranging the necessary resources in the construction work. Essentially, it is a graphical document including technical information relating to the work progress. By looking at the site layout, many aspects of the work area can be assessed, including the presence or absence of any hazards.

Plan requirements should include:

  • routes to be taken by workers and machines, temporary roads and separate pedestrian routes;
  • the location of the construction shacks;
  • access routes, entrances, security and access controls;
  • areas designated for the loading and unloading of materials;
  • the service parking area;
  • fences;
  • the location of the infirmary;
  • the layout of electrical installations;
  • the number of restrooms in the area;
  • areas used for excavations;
  • areas for equipment installations.
Site layout plan for construction

Site Layout Plan Sample

Who prepares the site layout?

The construction site layout is a chart maintained by the person covering the role of safety manager and coordinator who also has the obligation to enforce its contents.

On more complex construction sites there may be the need to produce several layouts as the initial state may not remain as it is, but rather undergo various changes. In this case the site layout will also need to be modified.

All information in the layout must be clear and understandable, as well as using symbols that are easy to decipher. In addition, a differentiation must be made between work areas and personnel areas in order to better manage the activities to be performed

Site plan: the signage

Construction signs play an essential role in keeping everyone informed about safety guidelines and procedures. The best signage can help construction workers avoid potentially fatal mistakes. Therefore, signs must have clear, concise messages. In addition, signs should not be installed too close to each other.

When installing them, you need to consider:

  • stopping distance;
  • reaction space;
  • braking space.
Construction Site Layout Plan Example

Layout plan example

Construction site in urban centres: how the signage changes

Generally, signage may change depending on the location of the construction site. A construction site in the urban centre will present different signage than a construction site located outside the urban centre as attention should be paid to pedestrians, always ensuring a clear passage in case of sidewalk signage that may obstruct their natural path.

Safety signs

Signs on the construction site are different and include the following categories: prohibition, warning, rescue or relief, prescription, fire.