Find out all about the design process in Landscape Architecture and the fundamentals of designing public spaces and gardens
Garden and landscape design is used to enhance the settings for buildings and public areas and in recreational areas and parks. In this article, we’ll be covering the main aspects of how to design public spaces and complete a landscape project successfully.
The design of public space can be structured with help of an effective landscape design software. Landscape architects can get a better visualization using the software with virtual objects and 3D effects or can present their ideas in a professional manner. Alos, a landcsape software enables you to estimate the type and quantity of the material required in the construction and estimated costs relating to it.
Download the 30-day free trial version of Edificius, the BIM software for landscape architecture and garden design.
When planning a public space project, the first step to consider is terrain modelling.
I’ll show you how easy it is to model the terrain in a project current situation or design stage with Edificius.
You can operate in two ways:
- using topographic surveys in DXF or DWG formats, (raster images) or satellite photos and building your terrain digital model by defining its perimeter with the
LAND [perimeter]object and the elevations, with
Topographic Contour Plan
- importing the terrain from Google Maps™ with the specific command to identify the area to survey and automatically recreate the elevation profile.
Once you have defined the terrain of the current situation you can start working on your design plan.
You can model the terrain with specific objects enabling height modelling through contour lines or the elevation plan.
You can simulate the terrain modelling by means of excavation and earthworks of all shapes and types with the
Fixed section cutobjects.
The terrain model automatically adapts to the profile of the inserted objects by creating different types of escarpments and slopes.
To add different dynamic grass, you can use the
Land area object and apply different textures to visually distinguish the different configurations of the modelled terrain (soil, grass, rocks, etc).
You can even enrich your project by inserting objects from both 2D and 3D views:
- swimming pools
- reflecting pools.
At this point, you can instantly view the objects that you have inserted and edit them in both 2D or 3D views.
3D BIM objects Library
Every element of the public area contributes to the identity of the place, including sculpture, lighting, railings, litter bins, paving, fountains and street furniture.
To insert the 3D objects, you can:
- export them directly from the extensive collection of the Edificius online library
- import them in .skp, .3ds, .obj, ifc, etc formats.
The Edificius Library contains tens of thousands of free resources (textures, CAD blocks, 3D models) to help you design better and faster. You can download all the resources you need and, with a simple click, import them in your model or even publish your own model objects. Click here to find out more about the Edificius online library.
You can also customise objects according to your needs or create new ones, taking advantage of Edificius’ integration with:
Once the BIM model is complete, you can obtain all the project drawings automatically: plans, floor plans, cross-sections, axonometries, etc.
You can easily produce them with a simple drag&drop to load each single drawing in the working drawings. You can enrich your drawings with photos of the current situation, maps and project renderings.
Finally, you can print out the drawings or export them in PDF, DXF/DWG formats.
When it comes to cost estimating, you can obtain your cost estimate automatically from the model. In fact, to each project variation, both BoQ and the amounts are updated.
The dynamic cost estimating provides detailed information with regards to earthworks, escavations and fills (with comparisons between the various solutions and project levels) and the elements present in the project (roads, yards, ramps, canopies, trees, furniture, etc.).
In this way, you’ll easily produce all the necessary documents for your client’s presentation or to obtain a building permit, landscape authorisation, etc.
Edificius offers you all the tools you need to communicate your design choices when presenting your project:
- photorealistic static renderings that you can obtain in a matter of minutes
- photo-matching and photo-editing tools
- Real-Time rendering, the functionality that allows you to navigate in real time in the rendered model and create project videos and photos
- BIM Video Studio, the video editing tool to create project video presentations
- BIM voyager, to share your 3D models online with anybody through a simple link to view and navigate the model from any device and without having to download external applications
- immersive virtual reality (iVR), which allows you to ‘live’ the project before it is actually built.
Designing with virtual reality
With Edificius and the use of a VR viewer, you can take a virtual tour of the model and live a true experience of the project. Users could interact with objects as if they were real.
Virtual reality thus becomes a tool to support the designer in:
- presenting the project to your client – present the project in a clearer and more engaging way offering clients extraordinary immersive, dynamic and interactive experiences. You can modify the model in real time, following your client’s requests;
- verifying design choices – explore your project as if it were already built and modify it live and in real time, with a more realistic perception of spaces, lights and materials.
Examples of public space and garden design
How to design public spaces: the video
This video shows all the steps to easily designing public spaces with Edificius.